"Harry Potter" (Harry Potter) is the British writer J. K. Rowling (J. K. Rowling) in 1997 to 20xx by the magical literature series of novels, a total of seven. The first six to Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry (Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry) as the main stage, describes the protagonist - young wizard student Harry Potter in Hogwarts six years before and after the study of life and adventure Story; the seventh is described by Harry Potter in the second witch war in the search for the Horcrux and destroy the story of Voldemort.
The series of novels is translated into 73 languages, all versions of the total sales of more than 450 million (as of 20xx), ranked the world's best-selling novel series. British version published by the Bloomsbury Publishing House (Bloomsbury) published, the United States after the introduction of some amendments by the scholar press (Scholastic) release, simplified Chinese version by the Chinese People's Literature Publishing House, Traditional Chinese version by the Crown Press publishing.
US Warner Brothers film company to this 7 set of novels into eight movies, the first six episodes of a, and the seventh set into two. Harry Potter film series is the world's most popular movie series, the total box office revenue of 7.8 billion US dollars.
December 6, 20xx, J K Rowling revealed that during Christmas she would update a series of "Harry Potter" related stories. One of the protagonists will be the original series of popular villain Draco Malfoy.
July 31, 20xx, in the People's Literature Publishing House hosted the "Kazakhstan fans confluence - Harry Potter 15 anniversary cum J · K · Rowling 50 birthday anniversary" activities, the People's Literature Publishing House Shi Guang announced the "Harry Potter" Chinese color illustrations will be at the end of the Chinese book market.
Theme of the work
Rowling added the prejudice of racist and genocidal prejudices in the real world, which was the idea of Voldemort and Death Eaters. Occasionally there are some wizards and magical people ("Muggles") in the book. Rowling said she wrote seven books, one more than a little dark color, with Harry's age, his enemies Voldemort's ability is also growing stronger. After Rowling published the fifth novel, she began to publish some content on her personal website that implied the future plot. With the development of the series of novels, J · K · Rowling's tone is becoming more sophisticated and mature, coupled with the story of the protagonist Harry Potter continue to grow, both from the content or style, the whole series has been gradually developed to the climax The
The contradiction between good and evil in Harry Potter's novels is divided into two clues: the first is the opposition of good and evil, represented by Harry and Voldemort. The second is based on Harry's own For the evil of the struggle as a dark line and start. It is because the story is set with Harry's self-protest, but also to make its heroic image more full. In "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix", Harry dreamed that he was a snake, hurt the friend Ron's father, Mr. Weasley. And can be repeatedly perceived Voldemort's thinking trends. The first half of the novel to Harry's forehead on the scar as a link, suggesting that he and Voldemort's close ties, but also indicates that Harry's thinking at any time by Voldemort control, so some evil ideas are invisible hidden in Kazakhstan In the body of the body, the tongues between them make it possible to drive Harry to do evil. And whether it can overcome the self, to overcome the demons is the achievement of "good" or the achievements of "evil." The important difference between Harry finally defeated the demons, and thus return to the self, from the true sense of his complete from the hero to the hero Change. This also shows the author Rowling's view of evil, evil is not entirely born, Voldemort is also not born is a devil, he was also a good student, while Harry though Is a positive image, but some evil thoughts will also be accumulated over time in their own ideas. How to overcome this idea, do not be malicious domination is Rowling highlights the potential intention of the evil mother.
The reality of the novel is also reflected in the thoughts conveyed in the series of novels by Harry Potter, reflecting Ms. Rowling's reflection on the real world. The novel will be divided into a master of the Malfoy magician is divided into pure magician, they have a high degree of superiority, and thus look like Hermione such a non-magic family origin of the magician, and ridicule him as "mud kind." Even in the magic world, but also because of the origin of the humble was unfairly treated. Regardless of Hermione such a magician by virtue of their own efforts, how good, are still being purely shaman shy. Voldemort built the purpose of grinding the world's main purpose is to retain purebred wizards, those who do not purely witch for cruel killings. On the contrary, to the President of Dumbledore and Harry as the representative of the magic world compatible package, they think the origin is not important, the most important is the personal efforts. This is the opposite of the two ideas of origin. In the final battle, the Harry side has achieved a complete victory, Voldemort forces collapsed, which also indicates that the novel for humble origin and encountered unequal treatment still exists in the middle of the real world view, which is undoubtedly a progressive thought of. In today's society, the issue of racial discrimination has eased, but it is undeniable that it still exists in some areas. The ideological significance of the work for the real world is alert. And Rowling in the novel to show its profound reflection on this issue, that is, the origin can not determine the fate of a person, the key is to see whether the individual's efforts to succeed and create a brilliant life. The author wants to express the idea is: fate in their own hands. Malfoy had a variety of abuse and oppression of the house elf Dobby, and later liberated Dobby, and encouraged more than the liberation of other domestic elfs, which also reflects the work of slavery strong criticism.
The series of novels is expressed in the third-person model, with Harry Potter as the central figure, in addition to the first, fourth, sixth and seventh minority content, the whole book through Harry's own perspective To express, this is the reader that read this series of books are one of the reasons for intimacy. (Part 5, Harry Potter through the "thought" to see the story of the Dark Lord, described "he" refers to the Voldemort Dark Lord.) Harry, Hermione, Ron is the three important figures. The main characters in the book are portrayed deeply and the secondary role is vivid. The book also has a lot of moral aspects of the content, with the justice and evil confrontation constantly intense and obvious, some people are facing an important choice, the shadow of human nature has also been shown.
While Rowling presents readers with rich stories and compact stories, Harry Potter's novels have also subtly inherited European classical literature. These inheritance is mainly reflected in two aspects, namely the use of the motif and the cultural meaning of the inheritance. The motif is perhaps the most complex concept in the field of literary studies. The so-called motif is referring to the recurrence of human basic behavior, spiritual phenomena and the concept of human beings around the world, such as life, death, parting, love, Time, space, season, ocean, mountain, night, etc. These motto are the two sources of European civilization - Greek and Roman myths and legends and the Bible. It can be said that European classical literature is also the source of Ms. Rowling's creation.
Rowling in the provision of fairy tale characters, but also used to Xianyihouyang or Yang Yang after the suppression of the way, so that the story is more complicated and confusing. Typical representative for Snape. The novel from the first to show out of Snape's disgusting negative image, many times to show the conflict between Harry and Snape, but at the end of the story, only to express Snape on Harry's sincere protection and Love. This contrast is in sharp contrast. In the second novel, Gidero was described as a rich experienced magician, but at the end of the story, he was timid as a mouse, and no real talent, the same sharp contrast. In the fourth novel, Moody's looks like a good friend, but it is a disguised little Crouch - Voldemort placed in Harry's side against Harry's negative characters, step by step to push Harry to despair. It is with this traditional fairy tale inheritance and sublimation of the artistic approach, the story was able to further promote the development of the fairy tale more colorful.
Although the magic world for the children is a magical fantasy, but in such a world at any time to find the shadow of reality. The novel itself is also profoundly realistic. The concrete embodiment of reality in the novel is the reality of the scene. Harry, as the protagonist of the novel, is a symbol of the hero, but Ms. Rowling did not shape Harry as a omnipotent, like a god. Through different scenes, Rowling showed some of his weaknesses with Harry's own tone and thought: Harry did not like to study, and sometimes even lazy when learning, after all, Harry was a growing child This is the kind of problem. The puberty of the puberty has a good impression on Akira, Hermione's liking Ron, which is the process that children will experience during adolescence. In the novel Harry has the same commonality with the children in the real world, and this commonality is also an important factor in the "Harry Potter" series of novels that attracts readers from all over the world. Through the shaping of the novel, the novel embodies the human type, that is, the common human nature.
"The Sunday Times" editor Nicolie Jones: "Harry Potter" series is classic. It makes good use of the children's literature tradition, but also makes itself very deep. Whether a child's book is a classic sign is whether it can be attractive to adults. "Harry Potter" series of novels clearly have this feature. Like all the best children's books, Harry Potter offers endless fun for adults who are not innocent. The most important thing is that "Harry Potter" so that readers in an immoral era to see the power of virtue.
Writer Chen Danyan: "Harry Potter" is a very literary characteristics of the novel, if only look - this may not see the famous, but if you read the whole, you can see the British literature and British history Tradition; and the structure is huge, not "small open small" story. Only with a certain degree of literary literacy and logical ability to be able to write such a work. Critics argue that we should not blindly reject Harry Potter and think about its implications for Chinese writers and literary publishing.
Opposition Criticism "Harry Potter", they are more concerned about the dissemination of works, the impact of the reader and other factors outside the text, in essence, is a kind of globalization, Harry Potter consumption concerns The fear that people are gradually losing themselves in the tide of commodification is the rapid response of sensitive cultural pioneers to the aesthetic tendencies of an era. In the highly developed post-industrial era of science and technology, whether it is the spread of literary works or cover the face of any of the times can not and, literary works also walked down the elegant store, a cultural industry commodity army, The diversity and autonomy of the post-modern culture, the process of the formation of the classic has become quite complex, the "Harry Potter" argument reflects the commercialization of literature resistance.